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Syntactic Gradience

Syntactic Gradience PDF Author: Bas Aarts
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199219265
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 280

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Book Description
This is the first exhaustive investigation of gradience in syntax, conceived of as grammatical indeterminacy. It looks at gradience in English word classes, phrases, clauses and constructions, and examines how it may be recognized, defined, and differentiated. Bas Aarts considers the degree to which gradience is a grammatical phenomenon or a by-product of imperfect linguistic description, and makes a series of linked proposals for its theoretical formalization. His book will appeal to scholars and students of language and syntactic theory in departments of linguistics, philosophy and cognitive science.

Syntactic Gradience

Syntactic Gradience PDF Author: Bas Aarts
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199219265
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 280

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Book Description
This is the first exhaustive investigation of gradience in syntax, conceived of as grammatical indeterminacy. It looks at gradience in English word classes, phrases, clauses and constructions, and examines how it may be recognized, defined, and differentiated. Bas Aarts considers the degree to which gradience is a grammatical phenomenon or a by-product of imperfect linguistic description, and makes a series of linked proposals for its theoretical formalization. His book will appeal to scholars and students of language and syntactic theory in departments of linguistics, philosophy and cognitive science.

Gradience in Grammar

Gradience in Grammar PDF Author: Gisbert Fanselow
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199274797
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 405

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Book Description
This book represents the state of the art in the study of gradience in grammar - the degree to which utterances are acceptable or grammatical, and the relationship between acceptability and grammaticality. Gradience is at the centre of controversial issues in the theory of grammar and the understanding of language. The acceptability of words and sentences may be linked to the frequency of their use and measured on a scale. Among the questions considered in the book are: whether such measures are beyond the scope of a generative grammar or, in other words, whether the factors influencing acceptability are internal or external to grammar; whether observed gradience is a property of the mentally represented grammar or a reflection of variation among speakers; and what gradient phenomena reveal about the relationship between acceptability and grammaticality, and between competence and performance. The book is divided into four parts. Part I seeks to clarify the nature of gradience from the perspectives of phonology, generative syntax, psycholinguistics, and sociolinguistics. Parts II and III examine issues in phonology and syntax. Part IV considers long wh-movement from different methodological perspectives. The data discussed comes from a wide range of languages and dialects, and includes tone and stress patterns, word order variation, and question formation. Gradience in Grammar will interest linguists concerned with the understanding of syntax, phonology, language acquisition and variation, discourse, and the operations of language within the mind.

Gradience, Gradualness and Grammaticalization

Gradience, Gradualness and Grammaticalization PDF Author: Elizabeth Closs Traugott
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027206716
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 306

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Book Description
This volume, which emerged from a workshop at the "New Reflections on Grammaticalization 4" conference held at KU Leuven in July 2008, contains a collection of papers which investigate the relationship between synchronic gradience and the apparent gradualness of linguistic change, largely from the perspective of grammaticalization. In addition to versions of the papers presented at the workshop, the volume contains specially commissioned contributions, some of which offer commentaries on a subset of the other articles. The articles address a number of themes central to grammaticalization studies, such as the role of reanalysis and analogy in grammaticalization, the formal modelling of grammaticalization, and the relationship between formal and functional change, using data from a range of languages, and (in some cases) from particular electronic corpora. The volume will be of specific interest to historical linguists working on grammaticalization, and general linguists working on the interface between synchrony and diachrony.

The Lexicon-syntax Interface in Second Language Aquisition

The Lexicon-syntax Interface in Second Language Aquisition PDF Author: Roeland van Hout
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9789027224996
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 232

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Book Description
Second language acquisition has to integrate the totality of the SLA process, which includes both the learning of the core syntax of a language and the learning of the lexical items that have to be incorporated into that syntax. But these two domains involve different kinds of learning. Syntax is learnt through a process of implementing a particular set of universal structures, whereas the learning of lexis is characterised by the building up of associations (or connections). Yet these two systems must come together in the creation of a whole linguistic system in the mind of an individual. This book is designed to state the implications of these two paradigms in as clear a way as possible through examples of the research carried out within each paradigm and to examine how they can be made to inter-relate in a way which would enable us to explain better the overall process of SLA.

The Handbook of English Linguistics

The Handbook of English Linguistics PDF Author: Bas Aarts
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119540569
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 704

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Book Description
Second edition of this popular Handbook bringing together stimulating discussions of core English linguistics topics in a single, authoritative volume—includes numerous new and thoroughly updated chapters The second edition of the popular Handbook of English Linguistics brings together stimulating discussions of the core topics in English linguistics in a single, authoritative volume. Written by an international team of experts, the chapters cover syntax, methodology, phonetics and phonology, lexis and morphology, variation, stylistics, and discourse, and also provide discussions of theoretical and descriptive research in the field. The revised edition includes new and updated chapters on English Corpus Linguistics, experimental approaches, complements and adjuncts, English phonology and morphology, lexicography, and more. In-depth yet accessible chapters introduce key areas of English linguistics, discuss relevant research, and suggest future research directions. An important academic contribution to the field, this book: Presents thirty-two in-depth, yet accessible, chapters that discuss new research findings across the field, written by both established and emerging scholars from around the world Builds upon the very successful first edition, published in 2006 Incorporates new trends in English linguistics, including digital research methods and theoretical advances in all subfields Suggests future research directions The Handbook of English Linguistics, 2nd Edition is an essential reference work for researchers and students working in the field of English language and linguistics.

Formal Grammar

Formal Grammar PDF Author: Philippe de Groote
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642201687
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 215

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Book Description
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Formal Grammar 2009, held in Bordeaux, France, in July 2009. The 13 revised full papers presented, including two invited talks, were carefully reviewed and selected from 26 submissions. These articles in this book give an overview of new and original research on formal grammar, mathematical linguistics and the application of formal and mathematical methods to the study of natural language.

Gradient Acceptability and Linguistic Theory

Gradient Acceptability and Linguistic Theory PDF Author: Elaine J. Francis
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192654322
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 304

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Book Description
This book examines a challenging problem at the intersection of theoretical linguistics and the psychology of language: the interpretation of gradient judgments of sentence acceptability in relation to theories of grammatical knowledge. Acceptability judgments constitute the primary source of data on which such theories have been built, despite being susceptible to various extra-grammatical factors. Through a review of experimental and corpus-based research on a variety of syntactic phenomena and an in-depth examination of two case studies, Elaine J. Francis argues for two main positions. The first is that converging evidence from online comprehension tasks, elicited production tasks, and corpora of naturally-occurring discourse can help to determine the sources of variation in acceptability judgments and to narrow down the range of plausible theoretical interpretations. The second is that the interpretation of judgment data depends crucially on the theoretical commitments and assumptions made, especially with respect to the nature of the syntax-semantics interface and the choice of either a categorical or a gradient notion of grammaticality. The theoretical frameworks considered in this book include derivational theories (e.g. Minimalism, Principles and Parameters), constraint-based theories (e.g. Sign-based Construction Grammar, Simpler Syntax), competition-based theories (e.g. Stochastic Optimality Theory, Decathlon Model), and usage-based approaches. The volume shows that while acceptability judgment data are typically compatible with the assumptions of various theoretical frameworks, some gradient phenomena are best captured within frameworks that permit soft constraints-non-categorical grammatical constraints that encode the conventional preferences of language users.

Syntactic Constructions in English

Syntactic Constructions in English PDF Author: Jong-Bok Kim
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108470335
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 350

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Book Description
With exercises based on real language data, this volume gives a comprehensive introduction to construction grammar, focusing on English.

The Syntactic Structures of Korean

The Syntactic Structures of Korean PDF Author: Jong-Bok Kim
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107103754
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 360

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Book Description
Jong-Bok Kim offers a remarkably broad yet in-depth overview of popular contemporary topics in Korean syntax and semantics.

Syntactic architecture and its consequences II

Syntactic architecture and its consequences II PDF Author: András Bárány
Publisher: Language Science Press
ISBN: 3961102880
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 540

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Book Description
This volume collects novel contributions to comparative generative linguistics that “rethink” existing approaches to an extensive range of phenomena, domains, and architectural questions in linguistic theory. At the heart of the contributions is the tension between descriptive and explanatory adequacy which has long animated generative linguistics and which continues to grow thanks to the increasing amount and diversity of data available to us. The chapters address research questions in comparative morphosyntax, including the modelling of syntactic categories, relative clauses, and demonstrative systems. Many of these contributions show the influence of research by Ian Roberts and collaborators and give the reader a sense of the lively nature of current discussion of topics in morphosyntax and morphosyntactic variation.