Syntactic Constructions in English

Syntactic Constructions in English PDF Author: Jong-Bok Kim
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108634753
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
Construction grammar (CxG) is a framework for syntactic analysis that takes constructions - pairings of form and meaning that range from the highly idiomatic to the very general - to be the building blocks of sentence meaning. Offering the first comprehensive introduction to CxG to focus on both English words and the constructions that combine them, this textbook shows students not only what the analyses of particular structures are, but also how and why those analyses are constructed, with each chapter taking the student step-by-step through the reasoning processes that yield the best description of a data set. It offers a wealth of illustrative examples and exercises, largely based on real language data, making it ideal for both self-study and classroom use. Written in an accessible and engaging way, this textbook will open up this increasingly popular linguistic framework to anyone interested in the grammatical patterns of English.

Syntactic Constructions in English

Syntactic Constructions in English PDF Author: Jong-Bok Kim
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108470335
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 350

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Book Description
With exercises based on real language data, this volume gives a comprehensive introduction to construction grammar, focusing on English.

English Historical Syntax

English Historical Syntax PDF Author: David Denison
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317887697
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 544

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Book Description
This study brings together many of the resources needed for the exploration of English historical syntax and deals with many of the important changes in English sentence structure from Old English to present. It also features a survey of published research from both classical and modern linguistic traditions, as well as new research by the author. Provides guidance on methodology, important reference materials, and the general history of the English language.

Syntactic Argumentation and the Structure of English

Syntactic Argumentation and the Structure of English PDF Author: David M. Perlmutter
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520038339
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 602

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Book Description
Syntactic Argumentation and the Structure of English (SASE) presents the major theoretical developments in generative syntax and the empirical arguments motivating them. Beautifully and lucidly written, it is an invaluable resource for working linguists as well as a pedagogical tool of unequaled depth and breadth. The chief focus of the book is syntactic argumentation. Beginning with the fundamentals of generative syntax, it proceeds by a series of gradually unfolding arguments to analyses of some of the most sophisticated proposals. It includes a wide variety of problems that guide the reader in constructing arguments deciding between alternative analyses of syntactic constructions and alternative theoretical formulations. Someone who has worked through the problems and arguments in this book will be able to apply the skills in argumentation it develops to novel issues in syntax. While teaching syntactic argumentation, SASE covers the major empirical results of generative syntax. Its contents include: 1) Transformations in single-clause sentences2) Complementation and multi-clause transformations3) Universal principles governing rule interaction: the cycle and strict cyclicity4) Movement rules5) Ross's constraints6) Pronominal reference and anaphora SASE is an important book for several different audiences:1) For students, it is an introduction to syntax that teaches argumentation as well as a wide range of empirical results in the field. 2) For linguists, it is a sourcebook of classical analyses and arguments, with some new arguments bearing on classical issues. 3) For scholars, teachers, and students in related fields, it is a comprehensive guide to the major empirical and theoretical developments in generative syntax. SASE contains enough material for a two-semester or three-quarler sequence in syntax. Because it assumes no previous background, it can be used as the main text in an introduction to syntax. Since it covers a wide range of material not available in other texts, it is also suitable for intermediate and advanced syntax courses and as a supplementary source in more specialized courses and courses in other disciplines. A storehouse of classical and original arguments, SASE will prove to be of lasting value to the teacher, the student, and researchers in both linguistics and related fields.

A Study of Some Syntactic Constructions in English with Reference to TEFL

A Study of Some Syntactic Constructions in English with Reference to TEFL PDF Author: Shoko Tanaka
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 168

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The Syntactic Structure of Verb-Particle Constructions

The Syntactic Structure of Verb-Particle Constructions PDF Author: Christina Gieseler
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3656122725
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 56

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Book Description
Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1,0, University of Wuppertal, language: English, comment: umfassende Hauptseminararbeit als Modulabschlussprufung, abstract: Introduction Verb-Particle Constructions occur in "most, if not all, of the Germanic languages" (Dehe: 2002:1, Olsen 2000:149). They are also known as "verb-particle combinations," "phrasal verbs," "particle verbs" (PVs) or "separable (complex) verbs" (cf. Dehe ibid., cf. Dehe, Jackendoff, McIntyre, Urban 2002:1). VPCs formally consist of "a verbal stem and an intransitive prepositional or adverbial element," a so-called particle (Olsen 2000:149). In linguistic research, "there is no uncontroversial definition of particles which reliably demarcates them from similar items and has cross-linguistic validity" (Dehe et al. 2002:3) [...] According to Dehe (2002), "the perhaps most striking property of transitive PV's in English is their appearance in two alternating orders" (3) as the English particle "can appear on either side of a direct object, unless it is a (non-contrastively accented) pronoun" (Dehe et al. 2002:2, cf. Jackendoff ibid.). In the so-called continuous order the particle is "adjacent to the verb and precedes the DP-complement" as in (1) (Dehe 2002:3-4). In the discontinuous order "the particle follows the DP-object" (cf. 2) (ibid.). In this order the use of unstressed pronouns is obligatory as illustrated in (3) (ibid.; the following examples are borrowed from Dehe: ibid. as well). (1) He wiped off the table. (2) He wiped the table off. (3) a. He wiped it off. b. *He wiped off it. Concerning the syntactic structure of English VPCs, several questions might be asked: 1. How does the syntactic structure of VPCs in English look like? 2. How do the alternating word orders come about? 3. Which of the word orders is the underlying one? Linguists have developed many different approaches to the syntac

Internal and External Factors in Syntactic Change

Internal and External Factors in Syntactic Change PDF Author: Marinel Gerritsen
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110886049
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 488

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Book Description
TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS is a series of books that open new perspectives in our understanding of language. The series publishes state-of-the-art work on core areas of linguistics across theoretical frameworks as well as studies that provide new insights by building bridges to neighbouring fields such as neuroscience and cognitive science. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS considers itself a forum for cutting-edge research based on solid empirical data on language in its various manifestations, including sign languages. It regards linguistic variation in its synchronic and diachronic dimensions as well as in its social contexts as important sources of insight for a better understanding of the design of linguistic systems and the ecology and evolution of language. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS publishes monographs and outstanding dissertations as well as edited volumes, which provide the opportunity to address controversial topics from different empirical and theoretical viewpoints. High quality standards are ensured through anonymous reviewing.

Critical Account of English Syntax

Critical Account of English Syntax PDF Author: Keith Brown
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748696113
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 312

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Book Description
A descriptive and comprehensive account of English syntax and grammarTackling the role of syntactic constructions in text, this companion brings out the connections between syntactic structures and semantics/pragmatics and the function of different clausal structures in written and spoken texts. It also draws attention to variation in standard written English, to the grammatical structures and discourse devices in spoken English, and to ongoing changes in English grammar. It focuses on the concepts of descriptive grammar as extended and refined over the last fifty years.Encyclopedic format gives immediate access the most relevant topicCross-referencing allows students to follow a thread and explore the interrelationships between syntactic structuresInnovative structure of the volume enables lecturers to decide the order in which they wish to discuss topics and to prescribe readingThis is a practical yet flexible reference that you can return to again and again, whether it be for learning, research or teaching.

CONSTRUCTION GRAMMAR FOR MAJOR SYNTACTIC CONSTRUCTION IN ENGLISH.

CONSTRUCTION GRAMMAR FOR MAJOR SYNTACTIC CONSTRUCTION IN ENGLISH. PDF Author: JONG-BOK. KIM
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781474459556
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

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Purpose Clauses

Purpose Clauses PDF Author: C. Jones
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401134782
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 263

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Book Description
The purpose clause is a common fonn of adverbial modification in English. The bracketed phrases below are purpose clauses, and they look and sound unremarkable. We hear and see these things all the time. John came [to play with the children] [to play with] I brought John along Insofar as purpose clauses appear to be adverbial, they frequently occupy a relatively low place on the scale of important things for syntactic theory to address itself to. In this book I assume the theoretical framework that has come to be known as 'Government-Binding' theory (GB), initiated in Chomsky (1981). The general fonn of the analyis of purpose clauses in GB dates roughly from Chomsky (1977). where several kinds of constructions akin to purpose clauses are identified. Within GB. this analysis is so widely accepted that it deserves to be considered the standard theory. This book, then. is about a few syntactically peripheral ell~ments that have enjoyed a relatively long-lived. virtually universally accepted. theoretical treatment What is perhaps an obvious question arises in this context. Why write a GB book about purpose clauses? This book. I hope, will supply an interesting answer. Simply put. purpose clause:;, and related constructions, have various properties that are not accounted for in the standard theory. In this book I propose an alternative analysis of purpose clauses, an analysis from which. I think. more of their properties follow more naturally.