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Abductive Reasoning

Abductive Reasoning PDF Author: Atocha Aliseda
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402039077
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 239

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Book Description
Abductive Reasoning: Logical Investigations into Discovery and Explanation is a much awaited original contribution to the study of abductive reasoning, providing logical foundations and a rich sample of pertinent applications. Divided into three parts on the conceptual framework, the logical foundations, and the applications, this monograph takes the reader for a comprehensive and erudite tour through the taxonomy of abductive reasoning, via the logical workings of abductive inference ending with applications pertinent to scientific explanation, empirical progress, pragmatism and belief revision.

Abductive Reasoning

Abductive Reasoning PDF Author: Atocha Aliseda
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402039077
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 239

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Book Description
Abductive Reasoning: Logical Investigations into Discovery and Explanation is a much awaited original contribution to the study of abductive reasoning, providing logical foundations and a rich sample of pertinent applications. Divided into three parts on the conceptual framework, the logical foundations, and the applications, this monograph takes the reader for a comprehensive and erudite tour through the taxonomy of abductive reasoning, via the logical workings of abductive inference ending with applications pertinent to scientific explanation, empirical progress, pragmatism and belief revision.

The Psychology of Reasoning

The Psychology of Reasoning PDF Author: Eugenio Rignano
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415209724
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 395

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Book Description
First Published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Developing Students’ Statistical Reasoning

Developing Students’ Statistical Reasoning PDF Author: Joan Garfield
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402083831
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 408

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Book Description
Increased attention is being paid to the need for statistically educated citizens: statistics is now included in the K-12 mathematics curriculum, increasing numbers of students are taking courses in high school, and introductory statistics courses are required in college. However, increasing the amount of instruction is not sufficient to prepare statistically literate citizens. A major change is needed in how statistics is taught. To bring about this change, three dimensions of teacher knowledge need to be addressed: their knowledge of statistical content, their pedagogical knowledge, and their statistical-pedagogical knowledge, i.e., their specific knowledge about how to teach statistics. This book is written for mathematics and statistics educators and researchers. It summarizes the research and highlights the important concepts for teachers to emphasize, and shows the interrelationships among concepts. It makes specific suggestions regarding how to build classroom activities, integrate technological tools, and assess students’ learning. This is a unique book. While providing a wealth of examples through lessons and data sets, it is also the best attempt by members of our profession to integrate suggestions from research findings with statistics concepts and pedagogy. The book’s message about the importance of listening to research is loud and clear, as is its message about alternative ways of teaching statistics. This book will impact instructors, giving them pause to consider: "Is what I’m doing now really the best thing for my students? What could I do better?" J. Michael Shaughnessy, Professor, Dept of Mathematical Sciences, Portland State University, USA This is a much-needed text for linking research and practice in teaching statistics. The authors have provided a comprehensive overview of the current state-of-the-art in statistics education research. The insights they have gleaned from the literature should be tremendously helpful for those involved in teaching and researching introductory courses. Randall E. Groth, Assistant Professor of Mathematics Education, Salisbury University, USA

Successful Case-based Reasoning Applications

Successful Case-based Reasoning Applications PDF Author: Stefania Montani
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642140777
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 226

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Book Description
Case-based reasoning (CBR) is an Artificial Intelligence (AI) technique to support the capability of reasoning and learning in advanced decision support systems. CBR exploits the specific knowledge collected on previously encountered and solved situations, which are known as cases. In this book, we have collected a selection of papers on very recent CBR applications. These, after an in-depth analysis of their specific application domain needs, propose proper methodological solutions and give encouraging evaluation results, which have in some cases led to the commercialization step. The collected contributions demonstrate the capability of CBR to solve or handle issues which would be too difficult to manage with other classical AI methods and techniques, such as rules or models. The heterogeneity of the involved application domains indicates the flexibility of CBR, and its applicability in all those fields where experiential knowledge is (readily) available.

Theology in the Age of Scientific Reasoning

Theology in the Age of Scientific Reasoning PDF Author: Nancey Murphy
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801481147
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 215

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Book Description
Murphy (Christian philosophy, Fuller theological Seminary) argues against the skepticism about Christian belief, and shows how it is similar to scientific reasoning as described by contemporary philosophers of science employing a postmodern, holistic perspective. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Critical Reasoning

Critical Reasoning PDF Author: Anne Thomson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134549601
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 192

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Book Description
Reasoning is the everyday process that we all use in order to draw conclusions from facts or evidence. To think critically about what you read and hear is a vital skill for everyone, whether you are a student or not. When we are faced with texts, news items or speeches, what is being said is often obscured by the words used and we may be unsure whether our reasoning, or that of others, is in fact sound. By the end of this topical and exercise-based introduction to critical thinking, you will be able to: * identify flaws in arguments * analyse the reasoning in newspaper articles, books or speeches * approach any topic with the ability to reason clearly and to think critically This stimulating new introduction to reasoning will appeal to all those who would like to improve their reasoning skills, whether at work, in class or in the seminar.

Advanced Introduction to Legal Reasoning

Advanced Introduction to Legal Reasoning PDF Author: Larry Alexander
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1789903157
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 200

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Book Description
This insightful and highly readable Advanced Introduction provides a succinct, yet comprehensive, overview of legal reasoning, covering both reasoning from canonical texts and legal decision-making in the absence of rules. Overall, it argues that there are only two methods by which judges decide legal disputes: deductive reasoning from rules and unconstrained moral, practical, and empirical reasoning.

Model-Based Reasoning

Model-Based Reasoning PDF Author: Lorenzo Magnani
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306472442
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 404

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Book Description
There are several key ingredients common to the various forms of model-based reasoning considered in this book. The term ‘model’ comprises both internal and external representations. The models are intended as interpretations of target physical systems, processes, phenomena, or situations and are retrieved or constructed on the basis of potentially satisfying salient constraints of the target domain. The book’s contributors are researchers active in the area of creative reasoning in science and technology.

The Playbook of Persuasive Reasoning

The Playbook of Persuasive Reasoning PDF Author: Gavin F. Hurley
Publisher: Vernon Press
ISBN: 162273274X
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 190

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Book Description
Currently an Assistant Professor of Writing at Lasell College in Newton, Massachusetts, Dr. Gavin Hurley teaches courses in Ethical Reasoning as well as Persuasive Writing. He leads a knowledge-hungry student audience at Lasell College where he helps to build practical skills and professional acumen. 'The Playbook of Persuasive Reasoning' is formulated from his lectures and instruction notes from these courses. It is also in some ways inspired by his doctoral dissertation which examined 'The New Rhetoric,' a 20th-century practical reasoning guide written by Chiam Perelman and Lucie Olbrechts-Tyteca. Dr. Hurley has taught persuasive writing and argumentation for eight years at several higher education institutions, including both public universities and private colleges. His focus has been on first-year communication courses, intermediate communication courses, and advanced communication courses. A specialist in the field of persuasive writing and reasoning, Gavin F. Hurley earned his PhD in Writing and Rhetoric from the University of Rhode Island. In addition to his PhD, he has a B.A. in Philosophy from Saint Joseph’s University (Philadelphia, PA) and an M.A. in Writing Arts from Rowan University (Glassboro, NJ). He has also published numerous articles on rhetoric, persuasion, and argumentation in scholarly collections as well as in peer-reviewed journals. In addition, he has presented numerous public talks at national venues on argument and persuasion.

Automated Reasoning

Automated Reasoning PDF Author: Jasmin Blanchette
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3031107691
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 756

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Book Description