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Natural Fibers, Plastics and Composites

Natural Fibers, Plastics and Composites PDF Author: Frederick T. Wallenberger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 144199050X
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 370

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Natural Fibers, Plastics and Composites

Natural Fibers, Plastics and Composites PDF Author: Frederick T. Wallenberger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 144199050X
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 370

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Book Description


Natural Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites

Natural Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites PDF Author: Sabu Thomas
Publisher: Archives contemporaines
ISBN: 2914610998
Category : Fibers
Languages : en
Pages : 539

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Book Description
Natural fibers and their composites have a long and important place in the history of human creativity and industry. Increasing consumer interest in "green" products made with sustainable materials, along with the rising cost of petroleum - the basic ingredient of synthetic fibers - have once again brought natural fibers and their composites to the fore. The renewed interest in natural fibers is only a few decades old. Thus, the pioneering work of current researchers in this new era of natural fiber composites will help to illuminate the path for future researchers as they explore new potentialities for natural fibers. Sabu Thomas and Laly Pothen, themselves leaders in the field, bring together cutting edge research by eminent scientists in Natural Fiber Reinforced Composites. Covering the latest research trends such as nano technology, the book will be a valuable resource for the natural fiber composite researcher.

Lignocellulosic-plastics Composites

Lignocellulosic-plastics Composites PDF Author: Alcides Lopes Leaõ
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Composite materials
Languages : en
Pages : 408

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Book Description
Utilization of natural fibers: characterization, modification and applications. Utilization of natural fibers in plastic composites: problems and opportunities. Interfacial adhesion and dispersion in biobased composites. Molecular interations between cellulose and other polymers. Cold plasma state: a new approach to improve surface adhesion in lignocellulosic-plastic composites. Fire retardants in lignocellulosics composites. Organosolv delignification of lignocellulosic materials: preparation and characterization of lignin and cellulose derivatives. Automotive applications of natural fiber composites. Chemical modification of fibers for plastics reinforcement in composites. Chemical modification of lignocellulosic materials: the utilization of natural fibers as polymer reinforcement. Sisal fiber: morphology and applications in polymer composites. The potential of natural fibers in Europe: industrial applications. Sugar cane bagasse: utilization for production of composites: the state of art in Cuba. Utilization of black wattle bark and tannin liquefied in phenol in the preparation of resol-type adhesives. Natural fibers in Brazil: utilization, perspectives and processing for sisal, ramie, jute kenaf and allied fibers for composites production. Jute/resin/sand blocks for tropical housing. Biomass-cement composites: the Unicamp experience. Potential of utilization of lignocellulosic residues from cassava industrialization for application in composites for packaging.

Natural Fiber Composites

Natural Fiber Composites PDF Author: R.D.S.G. Campilho
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482239019
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 356

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Book Description
Safely Design, Test, and Construct Products Made of Natural Fiber Composites Natural fibers and their composites carry distinct advantages over industrial fibers. Some advantages—including renewability and availability of raw materials, and lower energy consumption—could help safeguard environmental resources and eventually replace synthetic composites and conventional materials. Natural Fiber Composites explores the growing use of natural fibers in composites and covers material properties, treatment and processing, modeling, applications, design, and other vital information on this subject. Improve the Strength of Manufactured Composites, and Determine the Best Processing Technique Incorporating independent pieces written by a team of international contributors, this book enables readers to analyze and design structural components using state-of-the-art information and methods. It provides an overview of natural fiber composites, details the superior specific mechanical properties of these materials, and presents development techniques and design case studies that can improve performance and enhance the process. Natural Fiber Composites evaluates the value of natural fibers in composite materials, and offers introductory knowledge on natural fiber composites backed by internationally recognized experts in the field.

Handbook of Bioplastics and Biocomposites Engineering Applications

Handbook of Bioplastics and Biocomposites Engineering Applications PDF Author: Srikanth Pilla
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118177045
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 620

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Book Description
In today’s world, bioplastics are becoming increasinglyprominent owing mainly to scarcity of oil, increase in the cost ofpetroleum-based commodities, and growing environmental concernswith the dumping of non-biodegradable plastics in landfills. Thisbook summarizes the field of bioplastics by illustrating how theyform a unique class of research area that integrates pure andapplied sciences such as chemistry, engineering and materialsscience, to initate solutions. Compelling science demystics thiscomplex and often ambiguous branch of study for benefit of allthose concerned with bioplastics.

Natural Fiber Reinforced Vinyl Ester and Vinyl Polymer Composites

Natural Fiber Reinforced Vinyl Ester and Vinyl Polymer Composites PDF Author: S.M. Sapuan
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081021615
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 392

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Book Description
Natural Fiber Reinforced Vinyl Ester and Vinyl Polymer Composites: Characterization, Properties and Applications discusses recent advances on the development, characterization and application of natural fiber vinyl ester and vinyl polymers composites. Various types of vinyl ester and vinyl based polymers, such as poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC), low and high density polyethylene (LDPE and HDPE), polypropylene (PP), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and polyvinyl acetate (PVAc) are discussed. Chapters focus on different composite fabrication processes, such as compression moulding, hand lay-up, and pultrusion processes. Key themes covered include the properties and characterization of vinyl ester and vinyl polymers composites reinforced by natural fibers. The effect of fiber treatment and coupling agents on mechanical and physical properties of these materials is also evaluated. In addition to a determination of physical and mechanical properties, studies on thermal, degradation, swelling behavior, and the morphological properties of natural fiber reinforced vinyl ester and vinyl polymer composites is also presented. Presents the importance of vinyl ester and vinyl-based polymers as matrices in natural fiber composites Provides a detailed and comprehensive review on the development, characterization and applications of natural fiber vinyl ester and vinyl polymers composites Looks at recent fabrication techniques and the mechanical properties of materials Contains contributions from leading experts in the field

Natural and Artificial Fiber-Reinforced Composites as Renewable Sources

Natural and Artificial Fiber-Reinforced Composites as Renewable Sources PDF Author: Ezgi Günay
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 1789230608
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 138

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Book Description
Nano- and micro-sized natural fibers of vegetable origin are fully biodegradable in nature. However, the nano- and micro-sized synthetic fibers are fully man-made. Fiber-reinforced composites composed of stiffened fiber and matrix are well-known engineering materials. Fiber-reinforced materials have been used in industrial production. Natural fibers can be obtained from many sources in nature such as wool, sisal, ramie, kenaf, jute, hemp, grass, flax, cotton, coir, bamboo and abaca, banana, and sugarcane bagasse. Artificial fibers have been produced from more stiff materials such as glass, single-walled carbon nanotubes, double-walled carbon nanotubes, carbon, aramid, boron and polyethylene (PE). The cyclic reusability of materials is an important qualification in protecting the environment from waste pollution. Three important factors can be mentioned in terms of material properties in the recycling process. The first factor is "the rate of cyclic usage," the second one is "less material loss in each recycle," and the last one is "the role of waste products in the self-renewal of ecosystem." In engineering area, the usage of waste materials has taken into account in production of composite materials. The use of waste materials as particulate-type composite production is also possible in the industry. Fiber-reinforced materials can be grouped into two categories: "the natural fiber-reinforced materials" and "the artificially produced fiber-reinforced materials." Finally, we conclude that this book consists of mainly summarized three subject headings within the two specific book subsections : The first group contains the main subjects related to the natural and artificial fibers obtained by literature review; second, experimental and numerical studies are made in order to perform the necessary arrangements in the production stages and to establish a decision mechanism on the specification of the technical properties of the fiber-reinforced composites. The third group of studies focused on the use of sustainable bio-composites and recycled textile wastes as reinforcements in construction.

Sustainable Composites

Sustainable Composites PDF Author: Anil N. Netravali
Publisher: DEStech Publications, Inc
ISBN: 1605951110
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 546

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Book Description
Comprehensive introduction to composites from natural and recycled biomaterialsCovers fabrication, mechanical analysis and modeling of green compositesNew ideas for cost-effective alternative matrices, fibers and additivesApplications to construction, automotive, and civil engineering An important contribution to the evolution of composites technology, this book is a systematic investigation of how natural biomaterials are used to create cost-effective and environmentally sound composites for commercial use. The book shows how a wide range of plant- and animal-based materials are integrated into the design and fabrication of matrices and reinforcements for polymeric and other types of composites. In addition, a focus is placed on modeling and mechanical analyses of biobased composites, providing valuable data on their performance. Sustainable composites are shown to be viable alternatives for manufactured components in automotive, civil engineering and construction applications.

Cellulose Fibers: Bio- and Nano-Polymer Composites

Cellulose Fibers: Bio- and Nano-Polymer Composites PDF Author: Susheel Kalia
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642173707
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 737

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Book Description
Because we are living in an era of Green Science and Technology, developments in the field of bio- and nano- polymer composite materials for advanced structural and medical applications is a rapidly emerging area and the subject of scientific attention. In light of the continuously deteriorating environmental conditions, researchers all over the world have focused an enormous amount of scientific research towards bio-based materials because of their cost effectiveness, eco-friendliness and renewability. This handbook deals with cellulose fibers and nano-fibers and covers the latest advances in bio- and nano- polymer composite materials. This rapidly expanding field is generating many exciting new materials with novel properties and promises to yield advanced applications in diverse fields. This book reviews vital issues and topics and will be of interest to academicians, research scholars, polymer engineers and researchers in industries working in the subject area. It will also be a valuable resource for undergraduate and postgraduate students at institutes of plastic engineering and other technical institutes.

Natural and Wood Fibre Reinforcement in Polymers

Natural and Wood Fibre Reinforcement in Polymers PDF Author: A. K. Bledzki
Publisher: iSmithers Rapra Publishing
ISBN: 9781859573594
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 144

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Book Description
This report examines the different fibre types available and the current research. The authors have cited several hundred references to the latest work on properties, processing and applications. The different methods of fibre pretreatment are examined, together with fibre properties, chemistry and applications. This review is accompanied by summaries of papers from the Rapra Polymer Library database.