The Developmental Psychology of Reasoning and Decision-Making

The Developmental Psychology of Reasoning and Decision-Making PDF Author: Henry Markovits
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317931068
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 200

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Book Description
Logical thinking is a critically important cognitive skill. It is not just essential for mathematical and scientific understanding, it is also of prime importance when trying to navigate our complex and increasingly sophisticated world. Written by world class researchers in the field, The Developmental Psychology of Reasoning and Decision-Making describes the ways that children learn to reason, and how reasoning can be used to overcome the influence of beliefs and intuitions. The chapters in this edited collection focus on the new, revolutionary paradigm in reasoning and cover the recent research on the development of reasoning in two important areas: Cognitive abilities required to reason well and how these abilities develop in children and adolescents. Recent empirical data showing the effect intuition and prior belief have on reasoning, even when the outcome is inappropriate. Different theoretical and empirical perspectives from recent Piagetian theory, mental models and gist processing are examined, along with empirical results looking at specific aspects of reasoning in children. The key theme of the book is to better understand how reasoning develops not only through examining ‘logical’ reasoning, but also the nature of the interactions between people’s intuitions and their reasoning abilities. The Developmental Psychology of Reasoning and Decision-Making provides an overview of the main theories and key empirical results related to the development of reasoning and should be of particular interest to students and researchers in developmental psychology and education, along with those in cognitive psychology.

Child Psychology

Child Psychology PDF Author: Ram Nath Sharma
Publisher: Atlantic Publishers & Dist
ISBN: 9788126901708
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 448

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Book Description
All Modern Psychologists Hold That Every Individual Should Have, At Least, Little Acquaintance With Child Psychology As It Helps In Solving Children'S Problem All The Better. Child Psychology Is In Fact A Composite And Comprehensive Study Of Children.The Present Book Child Psychology Has Added A New Dimension To The Vast Knowledge Of The Subject. It Introduces Various Stages Of Child Development Right From The Conception To The Adolescence. Its Scope Encompasses Child'S Conative, Affective And Cognitive Aspects As Well As Behaviour. It Analyses The Impacts Of Environment And Heredity On Child'S Development. In Addition, It Highlights The Scientific Underpinning Of Child Psychology And Forms A Contextual Approach. The Other Major Areas Covered By The Book Are Response Mechanism, Motor Development, Sexual Development, Moral And Aesthetic Development, Learning And Sense Training, Thinking And Reasoning, Personality, Delinquency, Psychological Testing And Many More.The Present Book Can Be Rightly Held As An Ideal Textbook On The Subject, Covering Syllabi Of Majority Of The Indian Universities. The Standard Books Of The West Are No Doubt Referred To, But The Examples For Elucidation And Elaboration Have Been Given Here In The Context Of Indian Conditions. While The Presentation Of The Subject Matter Is Analytic, The Language Of The Book Is Free Of Jargons And Easily Accessible To The Average Readers Also. Child Psychology Will Undoubtedly Prove Useful To The Students As Well As Teachers Of The Subject. For The General Readers, It Is An Ideal Means Of Acquainting With Child'S General Problems And Their Effective Solutions.

Automated Deduction - CADE-17

Automated Deduction - CADE-17 PDF Author: David McAllester
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540451013
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 526

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Book Description
For the past 25 years the CADE conference has been the major forum for the presentation of new results in automated deduction. This volume contains the papers and system descriptions selected for the 17th International Conference on Automated Deduction, CADE-17, held June 17-20, 2000,at Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (USA). Fifty-three research papers and twenty system descriptions were submitted by researchers from ?fteen countries. Each submission was reviewed by at least three reviewers. Twenty-four research papers and ?fteen system descriptions were accepted. The accepted papers cover a variety of topics related to t- orem proving and its applications such as proof carrying code, cryptographic protocol veri?cation, model checking, cooperating decision procedures, program veri?cation, and resolution theorem proving. The program also included three invited lectures: “High-level veri?cation using theorem proving and formalized mathematics” by John Harrison, “Sc- able Knowledge Representation and Reasoning Systems” by Henry Kautz, and “Connecting Bits with Floating-Point Numbers: Model Checking and Theorem Proving in Practice” by Carl Seger. Abstracts or full papers of these talks are included in this volume.In addition to the accepted papers, system descriptions, andinvited talks, this volumecontains one page summaries of four tutorials and ?ve workshops held in conjunction with CADE-17.

Moral Education: M-Z

Moral Education: M-Z PDF Author: F. Clark Power
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313346484
Category : Moral education
Languages : en
Pages : 542

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Book Description
This work delves into the topic of moral education in America's K-12 schools. Following an introductory historical chapter, it analyzes salient topics and notable leaders in the field of moral education. It treats the issues thoroughly and fairly, providing a heightened understanding of both the major and minor themes in moral education. Subjects covered include: accelerated christian education, benevolence, bullying, caring, character development, cheating, civic education, commitment, counseling, democratic schools, discipline, drug and alcohol education, empathy, faith, friendship, hidden curriculum, honesty, justice, moral agency, peer influence, positive psychology, respect, responsibility, self-esteem, social development, sports, violence, and virtue ethics.

Accounting Ethics Education

Accounting Ethics Education PDF Author: Alberto J. Costa
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000399869
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 222

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Book Description
Accounting education ought to prepare future professionals to enter a principles-based, rules-oriented field of activity wherein technical knowledge of accounting standards (principles, rules and decision procedures) and ethical awareness (the capacity to discern moral issues and resolve ethical dilemmas) are crucial. Accounting education is best performed by the accountant’s adherence to the principles of the accounting profession and by individuals and firms following the appropriate rules, act according to the codes of conduct adopted by their profession, exercise clear judgment whenever they address financial transactions and consider/assess the state of a given business. Accounting Ethics Education: Making Ethics Real gathers a diversity of contributions from invited well-known experts and other specialists. It promotes comprehensive reflection around key trends, discussing and highlighting the most updated research on accounting ethics education, being an essential and useful reference in the field. In the performance of accounting tasks, the accountant should be educated and supported in the skills development and habit formation to solve accounting problems, recognize moral issues and resolve ethical dilemmas that will be encountered in their special tasks. Also, this book provides a moral map for identifying and acting on values when difficult situations arise. Examining multiple perspectives, the book improves the scholarly debate by providing cutting-edge and insightful research vital for all those interested and immersed in these matters. It will be of great value to academics, students, researchers and professionals in the fields of accounting, accounting education and ethics.

The Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology, Volume 2

The Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology, Volume 2 PDF Author: David M. Buss
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118755855
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 640

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Book Description
A complete exploration of the real-world applications and implications of evolutionary psychology The exciting and sometimes controversial science of evolutionary psychology is becoming increasingly relevant to more fields of study than ever before. The Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology, Volume 2, Integrations provides students and researchers with new insight into how EP draws from, and is applied in, fields as diverse as economics, anthropology, neuroscience, genetics, and political science, among others. In this thorough revision and expansion of the groundbreaking handbook, luminaries in the field provide an in-depth exploration of the foundations of evolutionary psychology as they relate to public policy, consumer behavior, organizational leadership, and legal issues. Evolutionary psychology seeks to explain the reasons behind friendship, leadership, warfare, morality, religion, and culture — in short, what it means to be human. This enlightening text provides a foundational knowledgebase in EP, along with expert insights and the most up-to-date coverage of recent theories and findings. Explore the vast and expanding applications of evolutionary psychology Discover the psychology of human survival, mating parenting, cooperation and conflict, culture, and more Identify how evolutionary psychology is interwoven with other academic subjects and traditional psychological disciplines Discuss future applications of the conceptual tools of evolutionary psychology As the established standard in the field, The Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology, Volume 2 is the definitive guide for every psychologist and student to understand the latest and most exciting applications of evolutionary psychology.

The Neurological Basis of Learning, Development and Discovery

The Neurological Basis of Learning, Development and Discovery PDF Author: Anton E. Lawson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306482061
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 285

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Book Description
A goal of mine ever since becoming an educational researcher has been to help construct a sound theory to guide instructional practice. For far too long, educational practice has suffered because we have lacked firm instructional guidelines, which in my view should be based on sound psychological theory, which in turn should be based on sound neurological theory. In other words, teachers need to know how to teach and that "how-to-teach" should be based solidly on how people learn and how their brains function. As you will see in this book, my answer to the question of how people learn is that we all learn by spontaneously generating and testing ideas. Idea generating involves analogies and testing requires comparing predicted consequences with actual consequences. We learn this way because the brain is essentially an idea generating and testing machine. But there is more to it than this. The very process ofgenerating and testing ideas results not only in the construction of ideas that work (i. e. , the learning of useful declarative knowledge), but also in improved skill in learning (i. e. , the development of improved procedural knowledge).

Psychology Applied to Teaching and Learning

Psychology Applied to Teaching and Learning PDF Author: Coleman Roberts Griffith
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Educational psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 648

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Analysis and Practices

Analysis and Practices PDF Author: Frans H. van Eemeren
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110869179
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 425

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Encyclopedia of Mathematics Education

Encyclopedia of Mathematics Education PDF Author: Louise Grinstein
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136787224
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 912

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Book Description
First published in 2001. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.