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Auxiliary Selection Revisited

Auxiliary Selection Revisited PDF Author: Rolf Kailuweit
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110386437
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 370

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Book Description
A central debate about the description of auxiliary selection concerns the regularity of auxiliary selection from a typological perspective. Thus, studies of auxiliary selection have both stressed the fact that certain recurrent parameters are highly relevant to the description of auxiliary selection, whereas other studies demonstrate significant differences in auxiliary selection systems. By integrating the synchronic and diachronic levels of linguistic description, the papers in the present volume work towards a framework that explains these contradictory findings. They discuss the role of semantic and syntactic constraints in gradient auxiliary selection, address the question of paradigmaticity of the have-be alternation, and shed light on the mechanisms of the gradual historical change from be- to have-selection. The volume thus puts forth a row of innovative theoretical and empirical findings from a wide range of typologically diverse European languages that substantially broaden our knowledge about the mechanisms of auxiliary selection systems.

Auxiliary Selection Revisited

Auxiliary Selection Revisited PDF Author: Rolf Kailuweit
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110386437
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 370

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Book Description
A central debate about the description of auxiliary selection concerns the regularity of auxiliary selection from a typological perspective. Thus, studies of auxiliary selection have both stressed the fact that certain recurrent parameters are highly relevant to the description of auxiliary selection, whereas other studies demonstrate significant differences in auxiliary selection systems. By integrating the synchronic and diachronic levels of linguistic description, the papers in the present volume work towards a framework that explains these contradictory findings. They discuss the role of semantic and syntactic constraints in gradient auxiliary selection, address the question of paradigmaticity of the have-be alternation, and shed light on the mechanisms of the gradual historical change from be- to have-selection. The volume thus puts forth a row of innovative theoretical and empirical findings from a wide range of typologically diverse European languages that substantially broaden our knowledge about the mechanisms of auxiliary selection systems.

Auxiliary Selection in Spanish

Auxiliary Selection in Spanish PDF Author: Malte Rosemeyer
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027270406
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 313

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Book Description
Although usage-based linguistics emphasises the need for studies of language change to take frequency effects into account, there is a lack of research that tries to systematically model frequency effects and their relation to diffusion processes in language change. This monograph offers a diachronic study of the change in Spanish perfect auxiliary selection between Old and Early Modern Spanish that led to the gradual replacement of the auxiliary ser ‘be’ with the auxiliary haber ‘have’. It analyses this process in terms of the interaction between gradience, gradualness, and the conserving effects of frequency and persistence in language change. The study contributes to the theory and methodology of diachronic linguistics, additionally offering insights on how to explain synchronic grammatical variation both within a language and between languages. The book is of interest to the fields of Spanish and Romance linguistics, syntax, as well as historical and variationist linguistics.

Manual of Romance Morphosyntax and Syntax

Manual of Romance Morphosyntax and Syntax PDF Author: Andreas Dufter
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 311037708X
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 977

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Book Description
This volume offers theoretically informed surveys of topics that have figured prominently in morphosyntactic and syntactic research into Romance languages and dialects. We define syntax as being the linguistic component that assembles linguistic units, such as roots or functional morphemes, into grammatical sentences, and morphosyntax as being an umbrella term for all morphological relations between these linguistic units, which either trigger morphological marking (e.g. explicit case morphemes) or are related to ordering issues (e.g. subjects precede finite verbs whenever there is number agreement between them). All 24 chapters adopt a comparative perspective on these two fields of research, highlighting cross-linguistic grammatical similarities and differences within the Romance language family. In addition, many chapters address issues related to variation observable within individual Romance languages, and grammatical change from Latin to Romance.

Manual of Grammatical Interfaces in Romance

Manual of Grammatical Interfaces in Romance PDF Author: Susann Fischer
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110311860
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 701

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Book Description
Different components of grammar interact in non-trivial ways. It has been under debate what the actual range of interaction is and how we can most appropriately represent this in grammatical theory. The volume provides a general overview of various topics in the linguistics of Romance languages by examining them through the interaction of grammatical components and functions as a state-of-the-art report, but at the same time as a manual of Romance languages.

Studies in Historical Linguistics and Language Change. Grammaticalization, Refunctionalization and Beyond

Studies in Historical Linguistics and Language Change. Grammaticalization, Refunctionalization and Beyond PDF Author: Dorien Nieuwenhuijsen
Publisher: MDPI
ISBN: 3039215760
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 164

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Book Description
The present volume examines the usefulness of a particular set of concepts and processes of change studying their applicability to a range of linguistic changes in Spanish and Latin that cannot be easily or can only be partially accounted for within the framework of grammaticalization. Rather than challenging the insights of grammaticalization theory, the different contributions to this monograph demonstrate that exaptation, capitalization, refunctionalization and adfunctionalization, as well as changes motivated by rhetorical guidelines, constitute interesting and valuable notions that allow for a better understanding of specific language changes in Spanish and, by extension, of language change in general.

Syntactic Geolectal Variation

Syntactic Geolectal Variation PDF Author: Alba Cerrudo
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027259879
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 385

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Book Description
This volume brings together studies that combine both traditional and contemporary tools in the study of syntactic geolectal variation, with a special focus on a subset of Iberian varieties. There is an increasing body of research on syntactic micro-variation, but the interaction between dialectology (which makes use of atlases, corpora, databases, questionnaires, interviews, etc.) and formal syntactic studies has traditionally been weak (or even nonexistent), which is precisely the gap the contributions in this book aim at filling in. From a broader perspective, this collection is meant as a contribution to the subfield of linguistic variation and to the more general field of Romance linguistics, with special interest in Spanish and in other Iberian languages. The volume is meant for both researchers and students interested in linguistic variation or dialectology and, specifically, in syntactic variation in Iberian languages.

Developments in English Historical Morpho-Syntax

Developments in English Historical Morpho-Syntax PDF Author: Claudia Claridge
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027262470
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 320

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Book Description
Spanning the time from Old English to modern American English, this volume provides fresh perspectives on core issues and theories in the morphosyntactic history of English nominal, verbal and adverbial constructions. The contributions discuss the loss, rise and restructuring of morphonological marking, periphrastic verbal constructions, auxiliary variation and evolution, as well as changing word order options. Favouring corpus-linguistic, frequency-based and statistical approaches, the studies are firmly empirically grounded. The book is aimed at scholars interested in the history of the English language and in language variation and change.

Aoristes et parfaits

Aoristes et parfaits PDF Author: Pierre-Don Giancarli
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004313400
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 262

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Book Description
Ce volume regroupe onze contributions autour de la thématique des dimensions aspectuelle ou/et temporelle du parfait et de l’aoriste à partir de données tirées des cinq langues suivantes : latin, corse, français, polonais et estonien. The present volume offers a collection of eleven contributions dealing with the aspectual or/and temporal dimensions of the perfect and of the aorist tenses on the basis of data in five languages: Latin, Corsican, French, Polish and Estonian.

Changes in Meaning and Function

Changes in Meaning and Function PDF Author: Jorge Fernández Jaén
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027261385
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 332

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Book Description
Diachronic linguistics has been experiencing a strong revival during the last few decades, since an increasing number of researchers have assumed that evolutionary and historical factors must be considered to properly understand how natural languages work. This book offers new data and insights on some of the research lines which are currently being developed within the framework of diachronic language research. The papers brought together in this volume are characterized both by their originality and by their methodological diversity; the reader will thus find herein theoretical as well as empirical works, undertaken from various perspectives of analysis (diachronic cognitive semantics, grammaticalization theory, discursive traditions, historical phraseology, etc.). The final outcome is an eclectic volume which offers valuable information for every reader, regardless of whether they are experienced linguists or junior researchers willing to know the latest epistemological advances in this discipline.

The Underspecification of Past Participles

The Underspecification of Past Participles PDF Author: Dennis Wegner
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110616149
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 368

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Book Description
Are the past participial forms that occur in passive and perfect periphrases substantially identical or should they rather be distinguished into accidentally homophonous passive and perfect(ive) participles? This book discusses the long-standing mystery of past participial (non-)identity on the basis of a broad range of synchronic data from Germanic and Romance, eventually focussing on German and English as these draw the most relevant distinctions (e.g. auxiliary alternation, a passive auxiliary that is not BE). Together with some contrastive insights from Slavic as well as the diachrony of passive and perfect periphrases, this clearly points to an identity-view. The novel approach that is laid out suggests that past participles conflate diathetic and aspectual properties. The former cause the suppression of an external argument, whereas the latter impose event-structure sensitive perfectivity, which only induces the completion of a situation if the underlying eventuality denotes a simple change of state. An approach along these lines sheds light on the intricate properties of past participles and the auxiliaries they occur with, the determinants of auxiliary selection as well as the interplay of argument and event structure.