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Authoritarianism in India

Authoritarianism in India PDF Author: Beverly Ann Dodson
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Authoritarianism
Languages : en
Pages : 132

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Book Description

Authoritarianism in India

Authoritarianism in India PDF Author: Beverly Ann Dodson
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Authoritarianism
Languages : en
Pages : 132

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Book Description


Modi's India

Modi's India PDF Author: Christophe Jaffrelot
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691206805
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 656

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Book Description
"Although ethnic and sectarian tensions have always been a feature of modern Indian history, the country was founded and governed in its first decades by a nationalist political movement - associated with the Indian National Congress -- that stressed the non-sectarian nature of Indian citizenship. Hindu nationalism, a contrary political force, was born in the 1920s but didn't take off politically until the 1990s. It finally secured national power in 2014 when a populist leader, Narendra Modi -- a former governor of the province of Gujarat -- leveraged a reputation for successful economic reform and popular resentment toward the country's Muslim minority to lead his Hindu nationalist party, the BJP, to national victory. In this book, Christophe Jaffrelot recounts how the Hindu nationalist movement under the leadership of Modi's BJP has deeply transformed the country. Jaffrelot's main argument is that the reign of Modi and his BJP has ushered India into a new type of regime - what he calls ethnic democracy. Modi's rule relies undeniably on popular consent. (In last month's Indian federal elections, Modi consolidated his 2014 win with a decisive electoral victory.) But under the BJP India has largely jettisoned the country's previous commitment to the preservation of the rights of religious and ethnic minorities. This book is based both on the author's long years of research in India and on recent extensive interviews conducted across the country with civil servants, government supporters, opponents of the BJP, and members of religious minorities. Because of the tense atmosphere of intimidation throughout the country, many of Jaffrelot's interlocuters refused to speak on the record; he has given them pseudonyms in this book. The book recounts how proponents of secularism and pluralism, including academics and NGO workers, have been brought to heel; how Christians and Muslims have been increasingly marginalized in national and regional elections; and how the Hindu nationalist government has fostered the development of a shadow "cultural police force" -- with formal and informal ties to the state -- that censors public speech and intimidates political opponents. The book begins with an overview political history of modern India, explaining how the modern Indian state arose out of the heritage of British colonialism and then out of the Indian Congress-led national liberation movement. The bulk of the book takes up the rise and the rule of Hindu nationalism - Hindutva - and that of the strongman Modi, whose canny brand of populism has proven to be a game changer"--

The State Against People?

The State Against People? PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Authoritarianism
Languages : en
Pages : 98

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Papers of a seminar organized by the Ecumenical Christian Centre, Bangalore.

India Under Authoritarian Rule

India Under Authoritarian Rule PDF Author: Marc Leepson
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : India
Languages : en
Pages : 14

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Laboratories of Democracy and Authoritarianism

Laboratories of Democracy and Authoritarianism PDF Author: Yueduan Wang
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 334

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The Promise of Power

The Promise of Power PDF Author: Maya Tudor
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107032962
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 240

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Book Description
Under what conditions are some developing countries able to create stable democracies while others have slid into instability and authoritarianism? To address this classic question at the center of policy and academic debates, The Promise of Power investigates a striking puzzle: why, upon the 1947 Partition of British India, was India able to establish a stable democracy while Pakistan created an unstable autocracy? Drawing on interviews, colonial correspondence, and early government records to document the genesis of two of the twentieth century's most celebrated independence movements, Maya Tudor refutes the prevailing notion that a country's democratization prospects can be directly attributed to its levels of economic development or inequality. Instead, she demonstrates that the differential strengths of India's and Pakistan's independence movements directly account for their divergent democratization trajectories. She also establishes that these movements were initially constructed to pursue historically conditioned class interests. By illuminating the source of this enduring contrast, The Promise of Power offers a broad theory of democracy's origins that will interest scholars and students of comparative politics, democratization, state-building, and South Asian political history.

Indian Journal of Politics

Indian Journal of Politics PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Political science
Languages : en
Pages :

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Political Mobilisation and Democracy in India

Political Mobilisation and Democracy in India PDF Author: Vernon Hewitt
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134097611
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 240

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Book Description
This book addresses the paradox of political mobilization and the failings of governance in India, with reference to the conflict between secularism and Hindu nationalism, authoritarianism and democracy. It demonstrates how the Internal Emergency of 1975 led to increased support of groups such as the BJS and the RSS, accounting for the rise of political movements advocating Hindu nationalism - Hindutva - as a response to rapid political mobilization triggered by the Emergency, and an attempt by political elites to control this to their advantage. Vernon Hewitt argues that the political disjuncture between democracy and mobilization in India is partly a function of the Indian state, the nature of a caste-class based society, but also - and significantly - the contingencies of individual leaders and the styles of rule. He shows how, in the wake of the Emergency, the BJP and the RSS gained popularity and power amid the on-going decline and fragmentation of the Congress, whilst, at the same time, Hindu nationalism appeared to be of such importance that Congress began aligning themselves with the Hindu right for electoral gains. The volume suggests that, in the light of these developments, the rise of the BJP should not be considered as remarkable – or as transformative – as was at first imagined.

Authoritarianism

Authoritarianism PDF Author: Günter Frankenberg
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1800372728
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 336

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Book Description
In this thought-provoking book, Günter Frankenberg explores why authoritarian leaders create new constitutions, or revise old ones. Through a profound analysis of authoritarian constitutions as phenomena in their own right, Frankenberg reveals their purposes, the audiences they seek to address and investigates the ways in which they fit into the broader context of autocracies.

The Rise of Hindu Authoritarianism

The Rise of Hindu Authoritarianism PDF Author: Achin Vanaik
Publisher: Verso Books
ISBN: 1786630729
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 432

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Book Description
The definitive analysis of Hindu nationalism in contemporary India and the challenges for the radical Left With the Hindu nationalist BJP now replacing the Congress as the only national political force, the communalization of the Indian polity has qualitatively advanced since the earlier edition of this book in 1997. This edition has been substantially reworked and updated with several new chapters added. Hindutva’s rise necessitates a more critical take on mainstream secular claims, ironically reinforced by liberal–left sections discovering special virtues in India’s ‘distinctive’ secularism. The careful evaluation of the ongoing debate on ‘Indian fascism’ has resonances for the broader debate about how best to assess the dangers of the far right’s rise in other liberal democracies. A study follows of how Hindutva forces are pursuing their project of establishing a Hindu Rashtra and how to thwart them through a wider transformative struggle targeting capitalism itself.