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Understanding the Microbiome Interactions in Agriculture and the Environment

Understanding the Microbiome Interactions in Agriculture and the Environment PDF Author: Pallaval Veera Bramhachari
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 981193696X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 355

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Book Description
This book illustrates the importance of microbiome interactions in sustainable agriculture and the environment. The chapters of the book provide information pertaining to the vast diversity of microbiomes in many ecosystems and their functional dynamics. The book also discusses bioremediation, space microbiomes, geo microbiomes, coral microbiomes, antibiotic resistomes, and rhizomicrobiome. It also sheds light on the complex syntrophic and other symbiotic interactions between bacteria, protists, plants, and certain animals in agricultural and environmental systems. The book, in turn, provides an understanding of the adaptation, resilience, and evolution of microbial ecosystems. Further, the chapters cover metagenomics analysis of microbiomes of a novel or extreme environments, microbial resilience or temporal fluctuations, symbiosis and co-evolution of the microbiome, and novel microbial interactions in agriculture and environment. Finally, the book elucidates a comprehensive yet representative description of complex structural and functional diversity within the plant and environmental microbiomes to reveal their immense potential. This book covers United Nations Sustainable Developmental Goal 2 towards Zero Hunger.

Understanding the Microbiome Interactions in Agriculture and the Environment

Understanding the Microbiome Interactions in Agriculture and the Environment PDF Author: Pallaval Veera Bramhachari
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 981193696X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 355

View

Book Description
This book illustrates the importance of microbiome interactions in sustainable agriculture and the environment. The chapters of the book provide information pertaining to the vast diversity of microbiomes in many ecosystems and their functional dynamics. The book also discusses bioremediation, space microbiomes, geo microbiomes, coral microbiomes, antibiotic resistomes, and rhizomicrobiome. It also sheds light on the complex syntrophic and other symbiotic interactions between bacteria, protists, plants, and certain animals in agricultural and environmental systems. The book, in turn, provides an understanding of the adaptation, resilience, and evolution of microbial ecosystems. Further, the chapters cover metagenomics analysis of microbiomes of a novel or extreme environments, microbial resilience or temporal fluctuations, symbiosis and co-evolution of the microbiome, and novel microbial interactions in agriculture and environment. Finally, the book elucidates a comprehensive yet representative description of complex structural and functional diversity within the plant and environmental microbiomes to reveal their immense potential. This book covers United Nations Sustainable Developmental Goal 2 towards Zero Hunger.

Microbiome Under Changing Climate

Microbiome Under Changing Climate PDF Author: Ajay Kumar
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0323906974
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 574

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Book Description
Microbiome Under Changing Climate: Implications and Solutions presents the latest biotechnological interventions for the judicious use of microbes to ensure optimal agricultural yield. Summarizing aspects of vulnerability, adaptation and amelioration of climate impact, this book provides an important resource for understanding microbes, plants and soil in pursuit of sustainable agriculture and improved food security. It emphasizes the interaction between climate and soil microbes and their potential role in promoting advanced sustainable agricultural solutions, focusing on current research designed to use beneficial microbes such as plant growth promoting microorganisms, fungi, endophytic microbes, and more. Changes in climatic conditions influence all factors of the agricultural ecosystem, including adversely impacting yield both in terms of quantity and nutritional quality. In order to develop resilience against climatic changes, it is increasingly important to understand the effect on the native micro-flora, including the distribution of methanogens and methanotrophs, nutrient content and microbial biomass, among others. Demonstrates the impact of climate change on secondary metabolites of plants and potential responses Incorporates insights on microflora of inhabitant soil Explores mitigation processes and their modulation by sustainable methods Highlights the role of microbial technologies in agricultural sustainability

Ecological Management for Enhancing Nitrogen Ecosystem Services on Agriculture Land Through Crop, Soil, and Microbiome Interactions

Ecological Management for Enhancing Nitrogen Ecosystem Services on Agriculture Land Through Crop, Soil, and Microbiome Interactions PDF Author: Sarah Abigail Isbell
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 0

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Book Description
This dissertation explores strategies for ecological intensification of agricultural systems through interactions of crops, soil, and the soil microbiome. I evaluate the impacts of these interactions on nitrogen (N) cycling--an ecosystem service that can be observed at an agroecosystem scale but has impacts on a global scale. Both plant communities and soil microbial communities are key drivers of N cycling in terrestrial ecosystems. This dissertation investigates connections between these communities using the agricultural practice of cover cropping as a model to explore this aboveground-belowground connection. My research builds scientific knowledge with direct links to agricultural sustainability: the reduction of environmental and health risks associated with N leaching into the water supply, the improvement of economic productivity for farmers, and the conservation of soil and protection of natural resources. My first experimental chapter (Chapter 2) evaluates N dynamics in organic grain cropping systems that integrate multiple ecologically based management strategies. In this experiment, four agricultural management systems were compared. These management systems varied in soil tillage strategies, CC species selection, CC termination and establishment methods, fertilizer management, and grain crop season length. I used field measurements to investigate the impact of each system on N in soils and in crop biomass, and to reveal the strengths and weaknesses of each system in addressing N provisioning services. The clear takeaway that emerged from this experiment was the importance of targeting synchrony of soil N availability with crop N demand--in other words, managing all components of the system to ensure that there is N in the soil available for uptake by the crop at the time when the crop needs the most N. This synchrony is influenced by the capacity of CCs to retain N and the timing of N becoming available to the crop as driven by soil tillage. My third dissertation chapter focuses-in on one agronomic practice that was included in the systems experiment described above. I designed a targeted experiment to test CC interseeding as a strategy to reduce N leaching in organic corn production. In the Northeast, short and increasingly unpredictable fall and spring seasons can cause problems with establishing a CC following corn harvest, an issue identified both in the scientific literature and by farmers (Ketterings et al. 2015). Interseeding CCs directly into growing cash crops has gained interest as a strategy to address this constraint (Groff 2015). To my knowledge, this study is the first to directly evaluate the effects of interseeding CCs on the potential to decrease residual soil N and therefore decrease N leaching in an organic system. Takeaways from this experiment include the following: 1) both the standard CC regime and the practice of interseeding CCs had a similar capacity for N retention and reduced N leaching, showing that interseeding CCs is a viable option for promoting N services; 2) reduced N leaching was driven by N storage in CC biomass, indicating the importance of CC species selection for N retention; and 3) total soil microbial biomass and taxonomic composition was similar among all CC strategies, suggesting that microbial dynamics were not closely linked with the CC treatment, but instead driven by other inputs in the system. In my last research chapter, I strive to understand how CC species mixtures engineer the soil microbiome. Plant roots strongly impact microbiomes in the soil through the secretion of root exudates (Chaparro et al. 2012), and this impact varies by plant species (Turner et al. 2013). Specifically, this work builds knowledge about the impacts of specific CC species and mixtures on belowground community structure and functioning, which serves as a building block for advising growers on soil microbial management. I found that different CC species do drive differences in the associated soil microbiome, and that the soil microbiome engineered by mixtures is not "additive" based on the component monoculture soil microbiomes. I found evidence to support my hypothesis that there were antagonistic and/or synergistic interactions taking place within mixtures that impacted soil microbial communities, as well as evidence that microbial recruitment from plants in mixtures is environment dependent. These results provide a foundation for further research into manageable regulation of soil microbiomes through leveraging plant-microbe links, with potential for agronomic, economic, and environmental consequences. There are still many barriers to adoption of ecologically-based management strategies, including reduced-tillage systems, interseeded CCs, and the use of CC mixtures. While some of these barriers can be overcome through continued scientific research to further our mechanistic understanding of these practices, many of the barriers are economic, structural, political, and cultural. It will require collaborative efforts from research institutions, policymakers, extension services, industry partners, and farmers to overcome these challenges and contribute to creating environmentally sustainable, resilient, and just agricultural systems.

Plant-Microbe Dynamics

Plant-Microbe Dynamics PDF Author: Tanveer Bilal Pirzadah
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1000388913
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 268

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Book Description
Plants and microbes have co-evolved and interacted with each other in nature. Understanding the complex nature of the plant-microbe interface can pave the way for novel strategies to improve plant productivity in an eco-friendly manner. The microbes associated with plants, often called plant microbiota, are an integral part of plant life. The significance of the plant microbiome is a reliable approach toward sustainability to meet future food crises and rejuvenate soil health. Profiling plant-associate microbiomes (genome assemblies of all microbes) is an emerging concept in understanding plant-microbe interactions. Microbiota extends the plant capacity to acclimatize fluctuating environmental conditions through several mechanisms. Thus, unraveling the mystery of plant-microbe dynamics through latest technologies to better understand the role of metabolites and signal pathway mechanisms is very important. This book shares the latest insight on omics technologies to unravel plant-microbe dynamic interactions and other novel phytotechnologies for cleaning contaminated soils. Besides, it also provides brief insight on the recently discovered clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats CRISPR-Cas9, which is a genome editing tool to explore plant-microbe interactions and how this genome editing tool helps to improve the ability of microbes/plants to combat abiotic/biotic stresses.

Climate Change and the Microbiome

Climate Change and the Microbiome PDF Author: D. K. Choudhary
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030768635
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

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Microbial Rejuvenation of Polluted Environment

Microbial Rejuvenation of Polluted Environment PDF Author: Charles Oluwaseun Adetunji
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 9811574596
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 358

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Book Description
Pollution is one of the most serious issues facing mankind and other life forms on earth. Environmental pollution leads to the degradation of ecosystems, loss of services, economic losses, and various other problems. The eco-friendliest approach to rejuvenating polluted ecosystems is with the help of microorganism-based bioremediation. Microorganisms are characterized by great biodiversity, genetic and metabolic machinery, and by their ability to survive, even in extremely polluted environments. As such, they are and will remain the most important tools for restoring polluted ecosystems / habitats. This three-volume book sheds light on the utilization of microorganisms and the latest technologies for cleaning up polluted sites. It also discusses the remediation or degradation of various important pollutants such as pesticides, wastewater, plastics, PAHs, oil spills etc. The book also explains the latest technologies used for the degradation of pollutants in several niche ecosystems. Given its scope, the book will be of interest to teachers, researchers, bioremediation scientists, capacity builders and policymakers. It also offers valuable additional reading material for undergraduate and graduate students of microbiology, ecology, soil science, and the environmental sciences.

Core Microbiome

Core Microbiome PDF Author: Javid A. Parray
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119830761
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 336

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Book Description
Improve the quality and productivity of your crops through selecting positive and effective interactive core-microbiomes As microbial cells are present in overwhelming numbers in our soil, it is perhaps inevitable that microbes are found extensively in plant and animal tissue. The role of microbiomes on the regulation of physiological processes in animals has been extensively researched in recent years, but the overarching role of the plant microbiome has yet to be discovered. Core Microbiome: Improving Crop Quality and Productivity is an attempt to remediate some of that deficit, as the first book to summarize feature of microbial communities that make up the plant microbiome. There is substantial evidence that these communities are crucial in disease control, enhanced nutrient acquisition, and stress tolerance—a feature more important than ever due to climate change. A further focus on improving how core microbiomes interact so that they are both phenotypically and genotypically very adaptive and sustainable will allow the reader to improve the quality and productivity of crops so that they may be considered sustainable agriculture. Core Microbiome readers will also find: Descriptions of the basic structure of core microbiomes and their functions across various habitats New and cutting-edge trends and technological innovations highlighted that use core microbiomes to harness plant microbiome interaction The structure, classification, and biotechnological applications of aquatic core microbiomes, in addition to the material on plant microbiomes As a broad introduction to the interaction of core microbiome and plant productivity, Core Microbiome is ideal for researchers and scientists working in the field of environmental science, environmental microbiology, and waste management. Similarly, undergraduate and graduate students in these fields, as well as in agriculture, biotechnology, biosciences, and life and environmental sciences will also benefit from this work.

Understanding Host-Microbiome Interactions - An Omics Approach

Understanding Host-Microbiome Interactions - An Omics Approach PDF Author: Ravindra Pal Singh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811050503
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 368

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Book Description
This book offers up-to-date information on different microbiomes, their community composition and interactive functions with the host, bringing together information from diverse research reports to provide an overview of the rapid developments in meta-omics technologies. It is a valuable resource for scientists, researchers, postgraduate and graduate students interested in understanding the impact and importance of next generation sequencing technologies on different hosts and their microbiomes.

Next Generation Agriculture: Understanding Plant Life for Food, Health and Energy

Next Generation Agriculture: Understanding Plant Life for Food, Health and Energy PDF Author: Domenico De Martinis
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889660621
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages :

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Relationship Between Microbes and the Environment for Sustainable Ecosystem Services, Volume 1

Relationship Between Microbes and the Environment for Sustainable Ecosystem Services, Volume 1 PDF Author: Jastin Samuel
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323910564
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 396

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Book Description
Relationship Between Microbes and Environment for Sustainable Ecosystem Services, Volume One: Microbial Products for Sustainable Ecosystem Services promotes advances in sustainable solutions, value-added products, and fundamental research in microbes and the environment. Topics include advanced and recent discoveries in the use of microbes for sustainable development. Users will find reference information ranging from the description of various microbial applications for sustainability in different aspects of food, energy, the environment and social development. Volume One includes the direct and indirect role of bacteria, fungi, actinomycetes, viruses, mycoplasma and protozoans in the development of products contributing towards sustainable. The book provides a holistic approach to the most recent advances in the application of various microbes as a biotechnological tool for a vast range of sustainable applications, modern practices, exploring futuristic strategies to harness its full potential. Covers the latest developments, recent applications and future research avenues in microbial biotechnology for sustainable development Includes expressive tables and figures with concise information about sustainable ecosystem services Provides a wide variety of applications and modern practices of harnessing the potential of microbes in the environment