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The Digitalisation of Science, Technology and Innovation Key Developments and Policies

The Digitalisation of Science, Technology and Innovation Key Developments and Policies PDF Author: Oecd
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789264978027
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 182

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Book Description
This report examines digitalisation's effects on science, technology and innovation and the associated consequences for policy. In varied and far-reaching ways, digital technologies are changing how scientists work, collaborate and publish. While examining these developments, this book also assesses the effects of digitalisation on longstanding policy themes, from access to publicly funded research data, to the diffusion of technology and its absorption by firms. New and emerging topics are also explored. These include the roles of artificial intelligence and blockchain in science and production, using digital technology to draw on the collective intelligence of the scientific community, advances in the digitalisation of biotechnology, and possible "dark sides" of digitalisation.

The Digitalisation of Science, Technology and Innovation Key Developments and Policies

The Digitalisation of Science, Technology and Innovation Key Developments and Policies PDF Author: Oecd
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789264978027
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 182

View

Book Description
This report examines digitalisation's effects on science, technology and innovation and the associated consequences for policy. In varied and far-reaching ways, digital technologies are changing how scientists work, collaborate and publish. While examining these developments, this book also assesses the effects of digitalisation on longstanding policy themes, from access to publicly funded research data, to the diffusion of technology and its absorption by firms. New and emerging topics are also explored. These include the roles of artificial intelligence and blockchain in science and production, using digital technology to draw on the collective intelligence of the scientific community, advances in the digitalisation of biotechnology, and possible "dark sides" of digitalisation.

The Digitalisation of Science, Technology and Innovation Key Developments and Policies

The Digitalisation of Science, Technology and Innovation Key Developments and Policies PDF Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264501770
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 182

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Book Description
This report examines digitalisation’s effects on science, technology and innovation and the associated consequences for policy. In varied and far-reaching ways, digital technologies are changing how scientists work, collaborate and publish.

OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2021 Times of Crisis and Opportunity

OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2021 Times of Crisis and Opportunity PDF Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264784322
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 140

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Book Description
In immediate responses to the COVID-19 crisis, science and innovation are playing essential roles in providing a better scientific understanding of the virus, as well as in the development of vaccines, treatments and diagnostics. Both the public and private sectors have poured billions of dollars into these efforts, accompanied by unprecedented levels of global cooperation.

OECD Reviews of Digital Transformation Going Digital in Brazil

OECD Reviews of Digital Transformation Going Digital in Brazil PDF Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264938591
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 248

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Book Description
Going Digital in Brazil analyses recent developments in Brazil’s digital economy, reviews policies related to digitalisation and makes recommendations to increase policy coherence in this area.

Innovations in the exploration of outer space

Innovations in the exploration of outer space PDF Author: Henry R. Hertzfeld
Publisher: WIPO
ISBN:
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 62

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Book Description
Human exploration of outer space has stimulated multiple innovations from both government and private sources. The decision to invest vast sums of money over a short period of time for the moon programs of the 1960s radically increased the level of innovation. Accomplishing this required new forms of energy for launch and space operations, reductions in the weight of components, and advanced computational capabilities, among many other technological improvements. The organization and management of bringing all of the components together was also essential. This report discusses economic aspects and overall benefits of those innovations as they fit into the prior and continuing push for advanced space capabilities.

Trends Shaping Education 2022

Trends Shaping Education 2022 PDF Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 926434747X
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 107

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Book Description
Did you ever wonder what the impact of climate change will be on our educational institutions in the next decade? What does it mean for schools that our societies are becoming more individualistic and diverse? Trends Shaping Education is a triennial report examining major economic, political, social and technological trends affecting education.

Postdigital Positionality

Postdigital Positionality PDF Author: Sarah Hayes
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004466029
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 327

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Book Description
This book challenges the notion that static principles of inclusive practice can be embedded and measured in Higher Education. It introduces the original concept of Postdigital Positionality as a dynamic lens through which inclusivity policies in universities might be reimagined.

Armament, Arms Control and Artificial Intelligence

Armament, Arms Control and Artificial Intelligence PDF Author: Thomas Reinhold
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3031110439
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 237

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Book Description
Looking at a variety of armament sectors, the book examines how Artificial Intelligence (AI) impacts the fields of armament and arms control, how existing arms control measures will be affected by AI, and what new approaches based on AI have been or are currently developed. The significant increase in computing power, the increasing reliance on software, and the advent of (narrow) AI and deep-learning algorithms all have the potential to lead to disruptive changes for military operations and warfare, rendering many classical arms control instruments less effective, or even useless. On the other hand, AI might lead to completely new arms control approaches, raising the effectiveness and reliability of new verification measures. To provide a common understanding, the book starts by presenting a general introduction to the state of the art in artificial intelligence and arms control, and how the two topics are interrelated. The second part of the book looks at examples from various fields of weapon technology, including weapons of mass destruction (WMD), conventional armament, and emerging technologies. The final section offers a cross-cutting perspective based on the examples presented in the second part. This volume will appeal to students and scholars of international relations, as well as policy-makers and practitioners interested in a better understanding of peace and security studies in general, and armament and arms control in particular with a strong focus on AI.

Designing Data Spaces

Designing Data Spaces PDF Author: Boris Otto
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030939758
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 577

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Book Description
This open access book provides a comprehensive view on data ecosystems and platform economics from methodical and technological foundations up to reports from practical implementations and applications in various industries. To this end, the book is structured in four parts: Part I “Foundations and Contexts” provides a general overview about building, running, and governing data spaces and an introduction to the IDS and GAIA-X projects. Part II “Data Space Technologies” subsequently details various implementation aspects of IDS and GAIA-X, including eg data usage control, the usage of blockchain technologies, or semantic data integration and interoperability. Next, Part III describes various “Use Cases and Data Ecosystems” from various application areas such as agriculture, healthcare, industry, energy, and mobility. Part IV eventually offers an overview of several “Solutions and Applications”, eg including products and experiences from companies like Google, SAP, Huawei, T-Systems, Innopay and many more. Overall, the book provides professionals in industry with an encompassing overview of the technological and economic aspects of data spaces, based on the International Data Spaces and Gaia-X initiatives. It presents implementations and business cases and gives an outlook to future developments. In doing so, it aims at proliferating the vision of a social data market economy based on data spaces which embrace trust and data sovereignty.

OECD Economic Surveys: China 2022

OECD Economic Surveys: China 2022 PDF Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264597581
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 111

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Book Description
China’s economy has strongly rebounded from the deep dive following the COVID-19 outbreak and has returned to its gradually slowing path. Rebalancing from investment to consumption, from manufacturing to services and rural people’s moving to cities have been set back by the pandemic, but need to restart to make growth sustainable and inclusive.