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Taxation History, Theory, Law and Administration

Taxation History, Theory, Law and Administration PDF Author: Parthasarathi Shome
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030682145
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 504

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Book Description
Tax practitioners are unfamiliar with tax theory. Tax economists remain unfamiliar with tax law and tax administration. Most textbooks relate mainly to the US, UK or European experiences. Students in emerging economies remain unfamiliar with their own taxation history. This textbook fills those gaps. It covers the concept of taxes in regards to their rationale, principles, design, and common errors. It addresses distortions in consumer choices and production decisions caused by tax and redressals. The main principles of taxation—efficiency, equity, stabilization, revenue productivity, administrative feasibility, international neutrality—are presented and discussed. The efficiency principle requires the minimisation of distortions in the market caused by tax. Equity in taxation is another principle that is maintained through progressivity in the tax structure. Similarly, other principles have their own ramifications that are also addressed. A country’s constitutional specification of tax assignment to different levels of government—central, state, municipal—are elaborated. The UK is more centralised than the US and India. India has amended its constitution to introduce a goods and services tax (GST) covering both central and state governments. Drafting of tax law is crucial for clarity and this aspect is addressed. Furthermore, the author illustrates different types of taxes such as individual income tax, corporate income tax, wealth tax, retail sales/value added/goods and services tax, selective excises, property tax, minimum taxes such as the minimum alternate tax (MAT), cash-flow tax, financial transactions tax, fringe benefits tax, customs duties and export taxes, environment tax and global carbon tax, and user charges. An emerging concern regarding the inadequacy of international taxation of multinational corporations is covered in some detail. Structural aspects of tax administration are given particular attention.

Taxation History, Theory, Law and Administration

Taxation History, Theory, Law and Administration PDF Author: Parthasarathi Shome
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030682145
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 504

View

Book Description
Tax practitioners are unfamiliar with tax theory. Tax economists remain unfamiliar with tax law and tax administration. Most textbooks relate mainly to the US, UK or European experiences. Students in emerging economies remain unfamiliar with their own taxation history. This textbook fills those gaps. It covers the concept of taxes in regards to their rationale, principles, design, and common errors. It addresses distortions in consumer choices and production decisions caused by tax and redressals. The main principles of taxation—efficiency, equity, stabilization, revenue productivity, administrative feasibility, international neutrality—are presented and discussed. The efficiency principle requires the minimisation of distortions in the market caused by tax. Equity in taxation is another principle that is maintained through progressivity in the tax structure. Similarly, other principles have their own ramifications that are also addressed. A country’s constitutional specification of tax assignment to different levels of government—central, state, municipal—are elaborated. The UK is more centralised than the US and India. India has amended its constitution to introduce a goods and services tax (GST) covering both central and state governments. Drafting of tax law is crucial for clarity and this aspect is addressed. Furthermore, the author illustrates different types of taxes such as individual income tax, corporate income tax, wealth tax, retail sales/value added/goods and services tax, selective excises, property tax, minimum taxes such as the minimum alternate tax (MAT), cash-flow tax, financial transactions tax, fringe benefits tax, customs duties and export taxes, environment tax and global carbon tax, and user charges. An emerging concern regarding the inadequacy of international taxation of multinational corporations is covered in some detail. Structural aspects of tax administration are given particular attention.

Justifying Taxes

Justifying Taxes PDF Author: Agustín José Menéndez
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401598258
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 366

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Book Description
Justifying Taxes offers readers some of the elements of a democratic tax law, considered within its political and philosophical context in order to determine the extent of legitimate tax obligations. The objective is to revisit some of the issues in the dogmatics of tax law from the viewpoint of a critical citizen, always ready to ask questions about the justification underlying her obligations, and especially about her paramount burden, viz., the payment of certain amounts of money. Within this purview, special attention is paid to the general principles of taxation. The argument is complemented by a detailed reconstruction of constitutional reasoning in tax matters, close attention being paid to the jurisprudence of the Spanish Tribunal Constitucional. Readership: Legal scholars, political scientists and philosophers. Especially recommended to graduate and undergraduate students of Tax Law, Constitutional Law, Jurisprudence, Philosophy of Law and Political Theory.

Improving the Tax System amid the Rule-of-Law China

Improving the Tax System amid the Rule-of-Law China PDF Author: Qiao Wang
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 9811670331
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 281

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Book Description
​This book discusses China’s tax system, presenting a comprehensive and systematic research based on a multidisciplinary approach involving economics, finance, political science, sociology, law, public administration, history, and econometrics.With China moving toward the rule of law, this book proposes reforms to the tax laws and the stratified governance with a view to achieving tax neutrality, law-based taxation, tax equality and tax burden stability. It focuses on clarifying the implications, extension, nature, and features of a law-based tax system as well as the logical relationships between the optimization of the tax system structure, modern governance, law-based tax administration, as well as the tax-sharing system of tax collection and the rule of tax law. It suggests that optimizing the tax structure, reforming the tax-sharing system, improving local taxes, and restructuring the tax collection and management system will push China's tax system toward sound design and rule of law.This book is intended for scholars specializing in China’s tax system and general readers interested in China’s economy.

Studies in the History of Tax Law, Volume 9

Studies in the History of Tax Law, Volume 9 PDF Author: Peter Harris
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1509924957
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 528

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Book Description
These are the papers from the ninth Cambridge Tax Law History Conference, held in July 2018. In the usual manner, these papers have been selected from an oversupply of proposals for their interest and relevance, and scrutinised and edited to the highest standard for inclusion in this prestigious series. The papers fall within five basic themes. Four papers focus on tax theory: Bentham; social contract and tax governance; Schumpeter's 'thunder of history'; and the resurgence of the benefits theory. Three involve the history of UK specific interpretational issues: management expenses; anti-avoidance jurisprudence; and identification of professionals. A further three concern specific forms of UK tax on road travel, land and capital gains. One paper considers the formation of HMRC and another explains aspects of nineteenth-century taxation by reference to Jane Austen characters. Four consider aspects of international taxation: development of EU corporate tax policy; history of Dutch tax planning; the important 1942 Canada–US tax treaty; and the 1928 UN model tax treaties on tax evasion. Also included are papers on the effects of WWI on New Zealand income tax and development of anti-tax avoidance rules in China.

Studies in the History of Tax Law, Volume 8

Studies in the History of Tax Law, Volume 8 PDF Author: Peter Harris
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1509908390
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 552

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Book Description
These are the papers from the 8th Cambridge Tax Law History Conference held in July 2016. In the usual manner, these papers have been selected from an oversupply of proposals for their interest and relevance, and scrutinised and edited to the highest standard for inclusion in this prestigious series. The papers fall within five basic themes: Two papers focus on tax theory; one on John Locke and another on the impact of English tax literature in the Netherlands in the nineteenth century. Five deal with the history of UK specific interpretational issues in varying contexts – an ancient exemption, insurance companies, special contribution, the profits tax GAAR and capital gains tax. Two more papers consider aspects of HMRC operations. Another three focus on facets of international taxation, including treaties between the UK and European countries, treaties between the UK and developing countries and the UN model tax treaties of 1928. The book also incorporates a range of interesting topics from other countries, including the introduction of income tax in Ireland and in Chile, post-war income taxation in Australia, early interpretation of 'income' in New Zealand and a discussion of some early indirect taxes in India and China.

Report of the Federal Security Agency

Report of the Federal Security Agency PDF Author: United States. Office of Education
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages :

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Annual Reports of the Department of the Interior ... [with Accompanying Documents]

Annual Reports of the Department of the Interior ... [with Accompanying Documents] PDF Author: United States. Department of the Interior
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : United States
Languages : en
Pages :

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The Theory of Taxation and Public Economics

The Theory of Taxation and Public Economics PDF Author: Louis Kaplow
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 472

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Book Description
Table of Contents 1 Introduction 1 Pt. I Framework 2 An Integrated View 13 3 The Social Objective 35 Pt. II Optimal Taxation 4 Optimal Income Taxation 53 5 Elaboration and Extensions 80 6 Income and Commodity Taxation 122 Pt. III Government Expenditures 7 Transfer Payments 151 8 Goods and Services 179 Pt. IV Additional Aspects of Taxation 9 Taxation of Capital 221 10 Taxation of Transfers 249 11 Taxation and Social Security 275 12 Taxation of Families 315 Pt. V Distributive Justice and Social Welfare 13 Welfare 347 14 Social Welfare Function 370 15 Other Normative Criteria 391 16 Conclusion 407 References 417 Index 455.

Commercial Education

Commercial Education PDF Author: Edmund Janes James
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Business education
Languages : en
Pages : 51

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Public Choice, Political Economy, and the Economics of Public Policy & Law

Public Choice, Political Economy, and the Economics of Public Policy & Law PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Altruism
Languages : en
Pages : 208

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